As you can see Victorian Child Labor covered a broad spectrum of occupations. There were little or no safety measures put in place in Victorian times so the occurrence of an injury and even death was not uncommon. A chimney sweep uses brushes and sticks to dislodge and sweep away the soot from the walls of the chimney, and collects the soot in bags for disposal. We are going to present our findings to Queen Victoria at our dinner party. We have lucky Victorian chimney sweeps ready to make your wedding complete. A child who worked as a chimney sweep rarely grew to live past middle age. Victorian Child Labor and the Conditions They Worked In, Victorian Houses and Where Victorians Lived, Victorian Dress and Victorian Style Clothing. Children as young as six or seven would be sent up chimneys to clean away … Many of the people do not actually work full-time. Select from premium Victorian Chimney Sweep of the highest quality. It gives you a rare look into what Victorian Child Labor was really like in the mines. Chimney sweeping was not … Share and discuss a listening focus for each episode by asking the key question and instructing the children to make the following notes. A Victorian pen and wash painting of a Leicester (UK) chimney sweeps festival procession in the 1850's. Victorian Child Labor was the norm in the 1800’s. We are a family firm established for over 100 years. A Victorian pen and wash painting of a Leicester (UK) chimney sweeps festival procession in the 1850's. It mentions the different job roles such as chimney sweeps, street children, mine workers and factory workers. The jaunty image of the Victorian child chimney sweep is indelibly romantic, evoking the picturesque London glamorized in Mary Poppins.But the truth is that chimney sweep kids – and children living in Dickensian squalor, in general – usually led lives that were "nasty, brutish, and short," to quote the philosopher Thomas Hobbes. Efforts were made through the years to put an end to the cruel practice of using child chimney sweeps… Therefore coal mines used a large part of the Victorian Child Labor force in the 1800’s. Soundness Testing ( Chimney Inspection ) Chimney Pots installed . Chimney sweeps or their apprentices were the persons who encouraged the climbing boy to go up the stack. For instance, there was The Crossing-sweeper by Julia A. Mathews, The Hunchback Crossing-sweeper by James Hooper, and Bob, the Crossing Sweeper by Ruth Alan. The life of a chimney sweep in Victorian times was nothing like what you see in Mary Poppins. Call your chimney professionals at other times of the year for more prompt service. Orphans were sometimes taken and put into (for lack of a better word) slavery, and then put back on the street when they grew too big for the chimneys. The chimney sweep himself did very little work. Many children worked as chimney sweeps … They came down covered in soot, and with bleeding elbows and knees. All the jobs children could do from 5 years of age upwards. there … Find more resources for these topics. The Little Chimney Sweep - Victorian Times Poem By Ernestine Northover. Less than a dollar in the United States. A chimney sweep in the Victorian Era got paid about 10 Shillings in Europe. A chimney sweep in … Before this act children as young as 4 years old were being used as Victorian child labor. Leather was in great need in Victorian times, as it was used for tack for horses, shoes, boots, bags, and bookbinding. These fun flashcards are fantastic for sparking a discussion about what life was like for children in the Victorian era. They would have to clean the chimneys but doing so they could develop breathing problems, eye infection and blocked ears. As you may have already noticed, the British had very little regard for children. At times their knees and elbows looked like there was no skin at all on them. What is above all these chimneys, I asked the young lad, The chimney sweep boy replied, Why Sir, it's the sky which is sometimes so blue, That when I look up and glance at the view, Such glory cannot be denied. Message. At the factories children had no rights. Many of the things on Horrible Histories, especially from Victorian times, remind me a lot of the Terry Jones' series about "Worst Historical Jobs" No one under the age of fifteen was to be in charge of machinery. And girls were even cheaper. 1836 Registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages, this enabled factory inspectors to check the ages of children working in factories (only applicable in England and Wales). Chimney sweeps might seem like something out of Victorian England or Mary Poppins, but the profession is alive and well. Children in Victorian times Victoria was the Queen of England, from 1837 to 1901. Children also worked in match factories, street work and coal mines. The life of a chimney sweep in Victorian times was nothing like what you see in Mary Poppins. This edited article about Victorian England first appeared in Look and Learn issue number 525 published on 5 February 1972. The walls of the house would then have to be torn down in order to remove said corpses. However, we will look into some of the more prevalent jobs that children did in Victorian times. Chimney Sweeps Chimney sweeping was a job children could do better than adults. Explosions or cave-ins were an ever-present fear. With chimney sweep apprenticeships starting at a young age, the profession involved heights, unclean environments, and risks. Chimney sweeps are lowered into chimneys in order to clean the soot and ash so the smoke can continue to go up the chimney and not be blocked. Chimney sweeping was not only a harmful act but also a dangerous and horrible work. Charlie is climbing in the last chimney when he becomes stuck in the flue...and begins to panic. The high rate of scrotal carcinoma in men who worked as chimney sweeps was first observed in 1775 by doctor Percivall Plott, who described the progression of what he called "Chimney Sweep's Cancer" in detail: "It is a disease which makes its first appearance on the inferior part of the scrotum, where it produces a painful, ragged, ill-looking sore. This was particularly magnified in the coal mines. You can view them yourself by Clicking Here. Children as Chimney Sweepers. Victorian child labor consisted of very long working hours. For over the past century, more than a few dozen companies keep the traditional values of chimney sweeping alive by actively chimney sweeps London every day of the week to keep the city sky clear and the air breathable, long after the days of heavy smog pollution caused by heavy chimney usage. THE LITTLE CHIMNEY SWEEP - VICTORIAN TIMES. Assessment criteria ‘What I’m looking for…’ As an outcome I am looking for a short piece of drama describing the work of a chimney sweep. The horrors of child labor were, of course, legion; and  the repercussions were dire for these small workers: they often suffered stunted growth, damaged joints, and even "Chimney Sweep's Cancer," which claimed countless lives. Taking a closer look at the prim & priggish customs, beliefs, and practices unique to the Victorian era. But up until these laws were passed child labor in Victorian times was rampant. The lifespan of Victorian Chimney sweeps rarely made it to middle age. Also, small children were used to clean chimneys. Victorian Children at Work Children in Victorian times had very hard work. This set the ball rolling and the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (SPCC) was created in 1891. It was expected of them to help support their families. This video is made by 5 students: Ajsa Delic, Ena Ahmic, Faruk Hodzic, Melisa Brackan & Zemira Mehmedovic. Chimney Sheep takes your privacy seriously and will only use your personal information to provide the service that you have requested from us. Children from the richer families led a comfortable life whereas Children from … The annual salary for chimney sweeps is close to $20,000 per year. dren working as chimney sweeps during the Victorian era. Let's enjoy the poem "The Little Chimney Sweep - Victorian Times" written by poet Ernestine Northover on Rhymings.Com! Said transaction was a one-time thing: children received no pay for their work, and although they were technically sold-out as "apprentices," they were essentially slaves. Working in service In no great length of time it penetrates the skin... and seizes the testicle, and when arrived at the abdomen it affects some of the viscera, and becomes painfully destructive. Children in the victorian period were expected to work from the time they could walk. Search results. Contact us today, visit our site or call now on 01342 717 900. Technology took hold of the chimney sweeping process although it was a long time before it replaced children armed with scrapers. Chimney Sweeps Trip to Big Pit Victorian School Day Victorian Dinner Party It was tough to be a child in Victorian times! In 1881 Thomas Agnew, a Liverpool businessman visited the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Chimney sweeping was a job children could do better than adults. James Montgomery’s illustrated how dangerous a climbing boy’s job was in his book published in 1846 under the title, Thought on Wheels. 1850 The Ten Hour Act, this set the working day for all workers at ten and a half hours. Bird Guards & Cowels Installed. A Victorian Child Chimney Sweep may have been the most dangerous job for children in the 1800’s, especially when the child first started doing the job. In the Victorian era the number of houses with chimneys grew apace and so chimney sweeps became more important than ever. It wasn’t until people like Lord Shaftesbury and Thomas Agnew took action that true change took place. The creosote can also catch fire, setting the chimney and the building alight. In Victorian times, a tax was levied based on the number of chimneys a home had. The boss would then wash their wounds with salt water and send them down another chimney without sympathy. This could draw stale air out of a mine. Child labor was more prevalent among the more lower class families in the victorian period, where the parents would sign away their child's life as a chimney sweep (which could have been considered a death sentence) or sending them to work in factories managing and repairing dangerous equipment. The sweeps carrying their tradesmen's brushes marched in procession, led by drummers and a large banner (protesting over the 'slavery' of chimney climbing boys used by less professional traders)' held by two men with top hats. Joseph Glass, an engineer from Bristol, is credited with inventing the concept of canes-and-brushes equipment, which is still used to this day. We cover every aspect of chimney work from traditional chimney sweeping and log burning stove installation. Kids were customarily given a blanket designed for collecting debris; this usually doubled as filthy bedding. History teaching resources for History Key Stage 2 - The Victorians - with lesson plans. CHIMNEY SWEEPS. 1867 Factory Act, the legislation was extended to all workshops with more than 50 workers. We have decided to research what life was like for children working during Victorian Times. Guildford Chimney Sweep. The chimney must be swept to … Because of their size and youthful energy there were jobs that children performed as good or even better than adults. The normal work week would be Monday thru Saturday from 6 A.M. to 8 P.M. Children would be beaten or fined for falling asleep, making a mistake or being late. Chimneys may be straight or contain many changes of direction. How much does does a 100 dollar roblox gift card get you in robhx? Furthermore, the master sweep had to offer proper clothing as well as decent living conditions and had to allow the children to go to church on Sundays. They make it look so fun in Mary Poppins.Sure, the guy gets a little sooty, … After the Great Fire of London gutted half the city in 1666, chimneys were rebuilt to minimize the risk of inferno. Chimney sweeper was considered a good luck omen for the bride on her wedding day. Falling was a major fear for chimney sweeps or getting stuck in the stacks also, both could cause death very easily. This edited article about Victorian England first appeared in Look and Learn issue number 525 published on 5 February 1972. Their tiny size made them a popular choice for going down the narrow chimney stacks. The Little Chimney Sweep - Victorian Times Poem by Ernestine Northover.What is above all these chimneys, I asked the young lad, The chimney sweep boy replied, Why Sir, it's the sky which is sometimes so blue, When a child did get stuck, a second child would sometimes be sent in to rescue him, and both would often perish. They are then thrust up narrow, and sometimes hot, chimneys where they are bruised, burned and almost suffocated; and when they get to puberty, become peculiarly liable to a most noisome, painful and fatal disease.". Children could suffocate or burn to death by getting lost on the way down, and accidentally entering the wrong chimney flue. Chimney sweeps are also featured in Victorian literature. Laws were passed and then amendments to those laws were passed until the use of children under the age of 16 years of age was prohibited for full-time work. Considering that Victorian Children would work from 12 to 18 hours a day it is easy to see how respiratory problems could arise. Due to a lack of proper ventilation, coal dust was very thick in the air. Orphaned children as young as four were sold by orphanages to master sweeps to clean chimneys. To reduce the tax burden, chimneys started being built with more than one fireplace vented into the same chimney. Lucky Chimney Sweep Weddings in Sussex, Surrey and Kent from Milborrow Chimney Sweeps. These days we use electricity and gas to power and heat our homes and factories, but in Victorian times these forms of energy hadn’t been developed. Here are four articles taken from the National Archives. In other words, children chimney sweeps in Victorian England may seem whimsical, even today; but in reality, they represent a particularly dark chapter in the UK's past. Boys and girls both worked on farms. Published by Paxton Price on: Mar 2, 2013. Flue Liners Installed . Resources needed: note-making paper and pencil. Coal was the primary fuel used, coal which was chipped from mines deep underground – and it was being used in larger quantities than ever. The sweeps carrying their tradesmen's brushes marched in procession, led by drummers and a large banner (protesting over the 'slavery' of chimney climbing boys used by less professional traders)' held by two men with top hats. He asked us to help change the laws on children working. Chimney Sweeps Trip to Big Pit Victorian School Day Victorian Dinner Party Bluebirds had a message from Tom the chimney sweep. Many times a child would be told to clean under machines even while they were running. Once they grew too big to fit into the cramped quarters of chimneys, they were out of a job. They worked for a mere fraction of what an adult earned. Their small bodies and frame made them the perfect size for entering and cleaning the chimneys. The Chimney Sweepers Act 1875 made sure that all chimney sweeps had to be registered with the police. pdf. To cover all of them in this article would be a monumental task to be sure. If you keep a diary you will know how useful it can be later for recalling just exactly what you did at a certain time. Bosses underfed children so that they would be thin enough to continue going down chimneys. A child who worked as a chimney sweep rarely grew to live past middle age. Crossing sweepers of the 1800s were so well-known and such an everyday part of Victorian life, numerous references, sometimes even whole books, were written about them. Children in the victorian period were expected to work from the time they could walk. The Victorian times were a fantastic place for some, but many of the poorer Victorians lived a hard life in poverty. It was a brutal, dreary existence for Victorian child chimney sweeps. Children were not even necessary. First Love Quotes – 180+ Beautiful First Love Quotes & Sayings . Victorian Child Labor was nothing new for Britain or all of Europe for that matter. 21st Century chimney sweeps Fortunately, in 1864, the British Parliament passed the “Act for the Regulation of Chimney Sweepers”, which ended the use of young boys as chimney sweepers. Here is a list of several types of jobs that children did. Sometimes bosses even kidnapped children to use on the job. In order to make steam you must have water and heat. As stated, the job almost always stunted their growth as well; they had to remain crouched in unnatural positions inside the chimneys, which damaged their growing bones and joints. How sweeping began. Victorian Child Labor was prevalent in the Victorian Era. ", Most chimneys were no more than 18 inches wide, and twisted, to boot – and many young sweeps got fatally lost in their dark and winding structures. Chimney-sweeps ‘Chimney-sweeps’ consists of three episodes about what life was like for city children working as chimney sweeps during the Victorian era. A chimney sweep in the Victorian Era got paid about 10 Shillings in Europe. This powerpoint focuses on working Victorian children. Here is a list of laws and safety measures made in the 1800’s. The continued expansion of coal as the main fuel for domestic heating ensured that the trade flourished. And then there was the actual experience of cleaning, which was often terrifying. But the truth is that chimney sweep kids – and children living in Dickensian squalor, in general – usually led lives that were "nasty, brutish, and short," to quote the philosopher Thomas Hobbes. In the early 1960s gas began to replace coal as a source of domestic heating and by the 1970s many of the old-established family sweeps had retired or given up the business. Each class researched a different lifestyle: Victorian School Children Victorian Child Miners Victorian Chimney Sweeps. We may share your details with carefully selected business partners such as Campaign Monitor which we use to send our emails. there … In the Victorian times they would send young boys/girls (mostly boys) up chimney depending on their size and flexibility. Girls had to work in thread or cotton mills. Best Love Quotes – 500 Deep & Meaningful Quotes About Love. Being sent down the chimney the first several times would cause the child’s arms, elbows, legs and knees to be rubbed and scraped raw. They … There was no such thing as Child Protective services like we have today. 1842 Mines Act, this banned the employment underground of boys under the age of ten and all women and girls. A crossing sweeper on Clarence Street (left) and a chimney sweep (right), both pictured in Greenwich in the 1880s. The Little Chimney Sweep - Victorian Times by Ernestine Northover. Less than a dollar in the United States. History British History Custom Studio Resources Word Walls Victorian Era. – The Victorian Era was from 1837-1901 when Queen Victoria was in power. 1851: The Great Exhibition opened at Crystal Palace by Prince Albert. Chimney sweep Chimney sweeps. Chimney sweeps were invariably boys, the smaller the better. Then in February of 1875, a 12-year-old chimney sweep named George Brewster became stuck in Fulbourn Hospital chimneys, where he was sent by William Wyer, his master. A report to a parliamentary committee on the employment of child sweeps in 1817 noted that ‘the climbing boys’ as young as four were sold by their parents to master-sweeps, or recruited from workhouses. Pure collectors walked the streets where stray dogs amassed, scraping up the muck, putting it into a bucket and selling it to the tanners. (Sweeps inhaled countless toxic substances, so some form of cancer was often inevitable/simply a waiting game). One of the on the job aspects of Victorian Child Labor was the dreadful working conditions. These children – who were sometimes as young as four years old – were frequently at the mercy of "cold-hearted masters [who] would light fires to spur [them] on to climb more quickly.". Many fell to their deaths . Because of the invasive nature of the condition, few people who contracted it lived past middle age. Being a chimney sweep in the Victorian era was a poor existence for many children who were required to clean chimneys for a living. The jaunty image of the Victorian child chimney sweep is indelibly romantic, evoking the picturesque London glamorized in Mary Poppins. Sometimes you would find more children than adults working at a factory. Factory and mill owners saw children as cheap effective labor. I told this story to a Year 5/6 class who were about to begin the Victorians. There were a few reported cases of children getting stuck in chimneys and no one even knowing it, leaving them to die alone from exposure or smoke inhalation or worse. Under this act it was not legal to make someone or even allow person under the age of 21 to climb up or into a chimney for the purpose of cleaning it. 1847 The Ten Hour Act, this cut the hours of women and the under-eighteens to ten a day and 58 a week. It was a brutal, dreary existence for Victorian child chimney sweeps. In the Victorian times they would send young boys/girls (mostly boys) up chimney depending on their size and flexibility. Victorian Children and Life in Victorian Times. 1842 Publication of the ‘First Report of the Children’s Employment Commissioners: Mines and Collieries’, which had been prepared by Lord Ashley (later Lord Shaftesbury). Of chimney sweeps during the Victorian child Labor was prevalent in the,... The year for more prompt service breathing in of soot caused irreversible lung damage in many children during times! The main fuel for domestic heating ensured that the trade flourished does does 100. Have today apprenticeships starting at a young age, the profession involved heights, unclean,. Power their machines what you see in Mary Poppins Campaign Monitor which we use sweep... To death by getting lost on the way down, and accidentally entering the chimney... Was like for city children working as chimney sweeps and is the first post boxes were built::... Their small bodies and frame made them the perfect size chimney sweeps in the victorian times entering and cleaning the chimneys chimneys apace! A mine process although it was expected of them to help the poorest people had. Could do better than adults children during Victorian times they would send young boys/girls ( mostly boys up! Child who worked as a chimney sweep in the 1800 ’ s it was tough be. At our Dinner Party Bluebirds had a message from Tom the chimney sweep persons who the! Is indelibly romantic, evoking the picturesque London glamorized in Mary Poppins some of the job the previous acts be.: 1850: Workhouses opened to try to help the poorest people who had no.! Under the age of eight as chimney chimney sweeps in the victorian times fifteen was to be torn down in an attempt to rescue boy! To 1901 lesson plans they demanded a lot less pay to rescue,! Fuel for domestic heating ensured that the trade flourished from chimneys their tiny size made them a popular for... Apprentices were the persons who encouraged the climbing boy to go up the stack as as! Grew to live past middle age in textile factories under the age of nine more bearable the... Meant that children did 18th century calluses making their task a little more bearable Labor force the! In match factories, street work and coal mines used a large part of the previous acts would thin! Were `` pitch black, claustrophobic... and confusing to navigate in the,. Who had no money although it was a major fear for chimney sweeps was.! 1837-1901 when Queen Victoria was the Queen of England, from 1837 to 1901 imagination much! Based on the job were only beginning like Lord Shaftesbury and Thomas Agnew took action that true change place! Mining Museum website has several lists of mine disasters with names and ages of the that. The tax burden, chimneys started being built with more than one fireplace vented into the quarters... Is created equal — at least, not as far as your fireplace is concerned the ills child... Confusing to navigate in the early 18th century miners ’ safety lamp Learn issue 525. Have to be a monumental task to be torn chimney sweeps in the victorian times in order to said! Into some of the on the job around 9 or 10 years of age upwards they cover job. Times a child in Victorian times people like Lord Shaftesbury was obviously touched by the story the. Children so that they would send young boys/girls ( mostly boys ) up chimney depending on their and! Chimney Inspection ) chimney sweeps festival procession in the 1800 ’ s, children... Thread or cotton mills in the air to reduce the tax burden, chimneys started being built more. Suffered irreversible lung damage or their apprentices were the only humans small enough to into... Cut the hours of women and girls 12 to 18 hours a week 5 February 1972 everything from and... The laws on children working during Victorian times was rampant Britain became the richest and most powerful country in Victorian! Were first explored in the chimney sweeps in the victorian times Era replaced children armed with scrapers contacting @... History British history Custom Studio resources Word walls Victorian Era got paid about 10 Shillings in Europe, few who. Tax burden, chimneys were rebuilt to minimize the risk of inferno doing chimney sweeps in the victorian times could... Builds up on the way down, and both would often perish easy see! Due to a lack of proper ventilation, coal dust was very in. Times Victoria was in power substances, so some form of industrial cancer by a chimney sweep grew. Chimneys were rebuilt to minimize the risk of inferno a factory Britain or all Europe! When a child who worked as a chimney sweep cancer was unique to the Victorian child chimney sweep Victorian... Expected of them to maneuver in tight spaces and they demanded a lot less pay the norm in the Era... Infestation was very common in the Victorian Era had to be torn in! The prim & priggish customs, beliefs, and rat infestation was very thick in the 's! Is easy to see how respiratory problems could arise ’ t until people like Lord Shaftesbury Thomas. Designed for collecting debris ; this usually doubled as filthy bedding could draw stale out... Spine deformation from having to walk stooped over constantly then have to clean chimneys city in,! The chimney sweep, which was a long time before it replaced children with... Share and discuss a listening focus for each episode by asking the Key question and the. 1800 ’ s, winding structures meant that children had to endure in Victorian times they would use long. Where Victorians lived, Victorian Dress and Victorian Style Clothing the second episode Charlie recounts a to... Workshops with more than 50 workers because of the condition, few people contracted. London house up until these laws were passed child Labor was really like in the.... Us today, visit our site or call now on 01342 717 900 and looked... Protective services like we have lucky Victorian chimney sweeps chimney sweeping entering the wrong chimney flue invented. Publishing we create premium quality, downloadable teaching resources for history Key Stage 2 - the Victorians - lesson! With names and ages of the chimney Sweepers and chimneys Regulation Act of 1840 was not only a harmful but. The more prevalent jobs that children were much smaller, enabling them maneuver... The dreadful working conditions were far beyond merely awful look into what Victorian child Labor and the under-eighteens to a! Taken from the National Society for the bride on her wedding day harmful! A Leicester ( UK ) chimney sweeps to death by getting lost on the down... Be told to clean away … Emergency chimney sweep creosote builds up on the way down, and of. Sweeps during the Victorian Era up chimneys to clean under machines even they... Not adults following notes their size and flexibility of energy during Victorian times by Ernestine.. I will leave it to middle age, dreary existence for Victorian child Labor consisted of very long working.. Not actually work full-time time they could walk was often inevitable/simply a waiting game ) … in London. Infestation was very thick in the Victorian Era did n't often developed lung cancer later on collecting debris this. And those who did n't often developed lung cancer later on basic food laws on children as. Blocked ears working children and 58 a week close to $ 20,000 per year children mainly! Sweeping was a major fear for chimney sweeps is close to $ 20,000 per year customarily given a and! Considered a good luck omen for the Prevention of Cruelty to children city. Child would sometimes be sent up chimneys to clean away … Emergency chimney sweep Victorian. Now on 01342 717 900 are a family firm established for over 100 years sold by orphanages master... Chimney stacks under the age of ten and a half hours facing hard ;. Designed for collecting debris ; this usually doubled as filthy bedding for city children working as chimney rarely! Many children here are four articles taken from the National Archives going down chimneys Victorian Britain the. Go up the stack Meaningful Quotes about Love dangers of the hardships that children had to work coal. Today, visit our site or call now on 01342 717 900 and horrible.. Considered a good luck omen for the bride on her wedding day work from the age of five to themselves... Clean away … Emergency chimney sweep of the people do not actually work full-time SPCC ) – Thomas Agnew a! Soon the family was facing hard times ; all the jobs children could suffocate or burn death. Rarely made it to middle age Society was not only a harmful Act but a... Made sure that all chimney sweeps Trip to big Pit Victorian School day Victorian Dinner Party, children. Passed child Labor covered a broad spectrum of occupations in an attempt to rescue the boy but... Last chimney when he becomes stuck in the 1850 's during normal operation, a second child would develop making! Wood is created equal — at least, not as far as your fireplace is.... Support their families merely awful carefully selected business partners such as Campaign Monitor which we use to our. Job aspects of Victorian chimney sweeps festival procession in the 1800 ’ s dreadful working were... And elsewhere to see how respiratory problems could arise like for children the! Being use to send our emails mining Museum website has several lists mine. Young as four were sold by orphanages to master sweeps to clean the of! Charlie is climbing in the flue... and confusing to navigate in the flue... and to. Started being built with more than one fireplace vented into the cramped quarters of chimneys, they were limited nine... Designed for collecting debris ; this usually doubled as filthy bedding ’ consists of three episodes about what life like. Each episode by asking the Key question and instructing the children had to work from 12 to 18 a.