Though the provincial governments are autonomous, they are controlled by the provision of law. If a party has no outright majority, parties can seek to form coalitions. No political system is perfect in itself. Some good aspects of the federal system are: ⇒ Maintains close relation between the state and its people. it is an impressive article. pal. Nepal - Government. It consists of the national legislature, executive, and judiciary. This was visibly expressed by the people during the People’s Movement-II in 2062/63 BS. ⇒ Helps to maintain balanced population distribution. ⇒ Rapid and harmonious development in a nation ⇒ Smooth and effective running of the administration ⇒ Sustainable utilization of means and resources ⇒ Decentralization of power ⇒ Less burden to the central government in administrative affairs ⇒ Equal representation of people in the development and other works ⇒ Concept of self-reliance develops and dependency on others is discouraged ⇒ Maximum participation of people in development and decision making. Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal. The powers of the local levels (village/town governments as well as district-level governments) as stated by the Constitution are as follows, Article Writer: Ram Hari Poudel, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal. However, it has been felt that it was not effective for the development and unity of the country. ⇒ The cultural and ethnic diversity can cause a challenge regarding the state language and maintain equal recognition to all cultural groups. Whether a nation can afford such a system or not should be given due value. Nepal has reported 266,816 cases and 1,948 deaths from COVID-19 so far, according to official data. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the North by the People’s Republic of China, and to the South, East and West by the Republic of India. The prime minister can either appoint members of the council from members of parliament or out of parliament. The Governor appoints the leader of the parliamentary party with the majority in the Provincial Assembly as the Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers are formed under the chairpersonship of the Chief Minister. Project implementer is … But we can’t ignore the importance of the federal system in Nepal. The kingdom of Nepal was unified in 1768 by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who had fled India following the Moghul conquests of the subcontinent. One hundred and twenty-two (122) political parties participated in this election, and 30 of them got representation in the Constituent Assembly-II. National security and military management, The national highway, railway, postal service, Mobilize state security force and maintain public security, Preserve language, art, culture and other heritage, To coordinate among the village governments (guan Palika) and municipal governments (Nagar Palika) within the district, To monitor the development and construction activities in order to maintain a balance in them, To coordinate between the federal and provincial offices within the district and the village governments (guan Palika) and municipal governments (Nagar Palika), To carry out other functions according to the laws of the provincial states, Local taxes (property tax, house rent tax, service tax, land revenues, etc. The government of Nepal deemed as a pivotal ministry due to carried out of it's vulnerable and especial service sector which are solemnly connected to the contribution of GDP, … Second, the total number of provinces should be fixed scientifically, not as a whim. Any member of a Village Assembly or a Town Assembly will be eligible for the post of the Chairman, Vice Chairman or member of the District Coordination Committee of the concerned district. GovNp.com Government of Nepal in one simple website This Constituent Assembly has owned the fundamental concepts adopted by the Constituent Assembly-I and is working to promulgate a new constitution of Nepal. The Constitution of Nepal 2015 has ensured every citizen the provision of basic health services from the state as fundamental right. Nepal approves AstraZeneca COVID vaccine for emergency use - government statement. The powers and functions of the District Assembly are as follows. It occupies an area of 1,47,181 Sq. This was visibly expressed by the people during the People’s Movement-II in 2062/63 BS. Our country ranges from 60m above the sea level to the highest point on earth Mt. Government of Nepal Ministry of Home affairs District Administration Office, Kathmandu. Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal. It forms and executes own plans, policies, and programs required for the state. According to the Nepalko Jilla Prashasan Punargathanko Report, 2013 (A report of reconstruction of districts of Nepal, 1956), Nepal was first time divided into total 7 Kshetras (area). 5 years. 4th BIMSTEC; Nepal and ACD; Nepal and SCO; DIPLOMATIC MISSION. SEE Also: essay on federalism in Nepal and its future. Why is Federal System Felt Necessary in Nepal. Government of Nepal Ministry of Communication and information Technology Department Of Information Technology. According to the Nepalko Jilla Prashasan Punargathanko Report, 2013 (A report of reconstruction of districts of Nepal, 1956), Nepal was first time divided into total 7 Kshetras (area). Government of Nepal Ministry of Home affairs District Administration Office, Kathmandu. It performs all the tasks that are to be carried out from the side of the District Assembly. The council is comprised of the prime minister, two deputy prime ministers, 24 ministers, and 14 state ministers. NeAt present about 28 countries of the world is having the federal system. the executive. Your email address will not be published. Now, we are in the process of making a ‘New Nepal’ on the federal concept. 1. Nepalese Missions Overseas. So, the federal system is not yet implemented in Nepal. Under Shah and his successors, Nepal's borders expanded as far west as Kashmir and as far east as Sikkim (now part of India). The President appoints a Governor for every province. Nepal includes six metropolises, 11 sub-metropolises, 276 municipal councils and 460 village councils. The prime minister is indirectly elected by parliament by political consent. In January 2016 the Government of Nepal announced temporary headquarters of the seven provinces. Nepal Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2077-78 B.S.  The term for the Provincial Assembly is five years, except when dissolved earlier. In this process, there can be a readjustment in the internal political division of the nation, devolution of power to the local bodies a°d state can be more ‘ democratic and inclusive with special arrangements to who is left behind. Balance and proportional development through the concept of regional development have been a major effort under the unitary system. The course of history got changed in 2063 BS. Everest at 8,848 meters. ⇒ Conflict may settle at the local level. 4. Since Nepal uses a parallel voting system, voters cast another ballot to elect members through the party-list proportional representation. The Nepal Government should think of making maximum use of cloud computing as it reduces investment and helps enhance performance. Hope you will get back to me soon. Nepal Appoints Dav Whatmore as National Cricket Team Head Coach! Career in Nepalese Government sector is one of the most sought after career paths in Nepal.Various vacancies have been announced by Nepal Government in last few weeks. In addition to the national government in the capital, there is an autonomous provincial government in each of the provincial states. The current system of seven provinces replaced an earlier system where Nepal was divided into 14 Administrative Zones which were grouped into five Development Regions. ⇒ No need to depend on the center for everything. We elected a ‘Constituent Assembly’ to write a new constitution on this concept on 28th Chaitra 2064 BS. First, it should recognize the capacity and resources available in the country. While all major parties officially espouse democratic socialism, NCP is considered leftist while Nepali Congress is conside For Provinces of various countries, see, "Memorial Step of King Mahendra in 1st Poush 2017 BS", "CA approves ceremonial prez, bicameral legislature", "NEPAL: Diluted proportional electoral system", Table of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Provinces_of_Nepal&oldid=999860270, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 09:08. The second amendment of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 endorsed the concern of Nepalese people through different political parties to make Nepal a federal country. It is the state’s responsibility to ensure quality and equitable access to universal health care by increasing investment in health sector. President and prime minister are elected by parliament.  According to Article 295 (2), the permanent names of the provinces will be determined by a two-thirds vote of the respective province's legislature. Introduction of Office. This system is in practice in India, the USA, Canada, Belgium, Spain, Australia, Ethiopia, South Africa, etc. Women should account for one-third of total members elected from each party and if one-third percentage are not elected, the party that fails to ensure so shall have to elect one-third of total number as women through the party-list proportional representation.. It is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. By taking into note the importance of healthy and productive citizens in national development. The concept paper of the 15th five-year plan was endorsed by the National Development Council (NDC) in Aril 2019. We must consider more about resource allocation in federalism in Nepal. Nepal practiced the unitary system of government throughout its recorded history. ⇒ Maximum use of means and resources. As Country makes significant progress in the use of ICT with the rapid growth of internet use and the adaptation of the latest technology, the government has also started to introduce the concept of e-governance in public service delivery. THE DRAMATIC EVENTS of the beginning months of 1990 marked a watershed in Nepal's political system. In this way, there is always a check and balance on the activities of the central government and provincial governments. The current constitution specifies that sixty percent of the members should be elected from the first past the post system and forty percent through the party-list proportional representation system. ⇒ Accelerate development activities. It has three political parties mainly recognised in the federal parliament: Nepal Communist Party, Nepali Congress, and Janata Samajwadi Party. Each constituency elects one member under the first past the post system of election. ), Collection of local statistics and records, Development of plans and projects of local levels, Management of local market, environmental conservation, and biodiversity, Local roads, village roads, agricultural roads, and irrigation, Management of village assembly, town assembly, district assembly, local courts, Distribution of land and house ownership certificates, Agriculture and animal husbandry, management of agro-products, animal health, and cooperatives, Management of senior citizens, disabled and the weak, Collection of the statistics of the unemployed, Management, operation, and control of the agricultural expansion, Drinking water, micro-hydro projects, alternative energy, Conservation of watersheds, wildlife, and mines as well as minerals, Preservation and development of language, culture and fine art, the federal system of government in Nepal, resource allocation in federalism in Nepal, the federal system of governance in Nepal challenges and opportunities, why is the federal system felt necessary in Nepal, importance of the federal system in Nepal. Judicial: Highest court of Nepal. They have the power to direct, control and conduct the governance system of village and town level respectively. Government of Nepal Ministry of Communication and Information Technology Postal Services Department General Post Office Dillibazar, Kathmandu The state did not address this diversity in time and the expectation of people increased in such a way that their expectations could be fulfilled only in the federal system. The Government of Nepal is responsible for land acquisition and payment of any compensation to the project affected families. We all know that our present constitution promulgated on 3 Asoj, 2072 has adopted federalism and republicanism. Nepal and SAARC; Nepal and BIMSTEC. According to the Constitution, there are two houses in the federal legislature; the House of Representative (lower house) and the National Assembly (upper house). A party with an overall majority (more seats than all other parties combined) following an election forms the government. ⇒ Expensive form of government. 3. The Supreme Court is the judicial organ of the federal government. The development has not reached every nook and corner of the country. Email to firstname.lastname@example.org Send fax to 1100 Complain by sending letter or in person. It prepares an annual budget, collects the tax, revenues, etc.  These were the following Kshetras: In 1962, all Kshetras cancelled and the country restructured into 75 development districts and those districts were grouped into 14 zones. While dividing Nepal into federal units, various aspects need to be kept under consideration. ⇒ Overlapping of work between the provinces. People raised voices for a federal system of government. That’s the case across the board. The structure of Nepalese society is of multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, and multi-cultural. 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